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5 most common types of depression

There has been an increasing interest in and justifiable concern about people’s mental health.

Depression is used as a catch-all covering any and all mental health issues especially those that manifest in feelings of deep sadness and a dark mood overall.

There are however different types of depression varying in severity, causal factors, and even symptoms. Here are the most common types of depression:

1. Major depressive disorder

This is the classic depression type also referred to as unipolar depression where a dark mood is all-consuming and one loses interest in activities, even the ones that are usually pleasurable. People with major depression experience symptoms most of the day every day and it has little to do with what’s happening around them. Their circumstances can be great, for example, they may have a supportive family, great friends, and a dream job yet still suffer from it. It is a severe form of depression that cause symptoms such as:

  • Despondency, gloom, or grief
  • Difficulty sleeping or sleeping too much
  • Lack of energy and fatigue
  • Loss of appetite or overeating
  • Unexplained aches and pains
  • Loss of interest in formerly pleasurable activities
  • Lack of concentration, memory problems, and inability to make decisions
  • Feelings of worthlessness and hopelessness
  • Constant worry and anxiety
  • Thoughts of death, self-harm, or suicide
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If a person experiences the majority of these symptoms for longer than a two-week period, they will often be diagnosed with MDD.

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